Many countries introduced new laws and programs designed to help individuals and families to save energy, and to live in homes having a smaller carbon print. With the increasing worries about global warming and energy consumption, people are more and more interested about the subject.
The effects of uncontrolled increasing energy consumption might threaten the existence of humankind, especially in large cities and areas of the world that are heavily industrialized. In the past, these matters were of no major concern. Today, the increased rhythm of development imposed new qualitative requests from modern people.
Eco-Friendly houses – houses of the future
A building is considered green if by design, construction materials used, and technologies, reduce energy consumption and the negative impact on the environment. The concept does not apply only to buildings that integrate nature, but it has to be expanded to the old buildings and building concepts as well.
A greenhouse can be one build of eco-friendly materials, but old buildings are just as suited for being renovated to integrate environment-friendly elements. It has many advantages, including the faster building time and the reduced costs with energy consumption on the long term. The main characteristics of these houses are the natural materials that they are built of and the capacity to obtain solar energy for electricity and heating. However, a green house is a lot more than an eco-friendly passive house. Modern eco-friendly houses and appliances like microwaves and ovens are almost intelligent, with efficient insulation and recycling capacities such as a system to reuse rain water.
Even if the materials used to build such homes are sometimes cheaper, the overall costs which include highly skilled labor are higher. However, considering the lower thermal exchange coefficient these houses have with the exterior environment, they will save money on the long term. Plus, the capacity of self-ventilation of these houses makes them a lot more pleasant to live in.
The eco-friendly qualities of a house are measured by its capacity to protect natural resources and to satisfy high demands of its inhabitants in terms of comfort and health:
- Saves natural resources: energy, water, soil
- Reduces pollution of water and soil
- Reduces the production of non-recyclable waste
Building an eco-house
While a common house consumes natural resources and throws waste in the environment, an eco-house protects the environment and it integrates in it perfectly. It means efficient lighting and unconventional building materials used, such as solar panels, heating pumps and wind turbines. However, it also depends on where the house is built. For the eco-houses built in areas where sun shines across the year, it is easier to use solar panels. In countries where sun is sparser, the energy of the wind can be used with the same efficiency.
Energy can also be saved though a smart design of the house and this is why the architecture of these houses is usually unique. The cost of designing the house is sometimes the biggest if you are planning to contract someone to build such a house for you.…